THUNG KHWAN (ทุ่งควัน)
Thung Khwan or "Field of Fumes" is an area north of the city of Ayutthaya bordered on the north by Thung Lum Phli, on the east
Khlong Sra Bua and Thung Kaeo, in the south by the old Lopburi River and in the west by Thung Phukhao Thong.

Following were the temples in alphabetical order situated in this area: Wat Choeng Tha (active temple), Wat Hat Dawat (restored
ruin), Wat Kamphaeng (ruin), Wat Khao Wua (ruin), Wat Khok Phraya (restored ruin), Wat Khrut (mound), Wat Na Phra Men
(active temple), Wat Phai Lom (mound), Wat Phra Ngam (restored ruin), Wat Phrom Kalayaram (defunct), Wat Sarari (mound),
Wat Sri Pho (restored ruin), Wat Surintharacha (mound) and Wat Takrai (restored ruin).

Old villages mentioned in the "Geographical description of Ayutthaya: Documents from the Palace" [1][2]:

  • Pottery Village (บ้านม่อ) - mold small and large rice and curry pots, oven pans for making khanom khrok (small coconut
    hotcakes) and khanom bueang (filled crispy pancakes), stoves, lanterns, torches, clay dishes for cooking or burning, flower
    trays, wax to offer the monks at the beginning of the Buddhist Lent and earthen alms-bowls and spittoons. The road towards
    this village ran between Wat Mae Nang Plum and Wat Pa Khonthi and is indicated on a mid-19th century map. The exact
    position of the village is unknown. Phraya Boran Rachathanin noted that Wat Khao Wua was situated behind Ban Mo, but
    also wrote that the Iron market behind Ban Mo was in line with Wat Mae Nang Plum. From excavations in
    the period 2000 - 2002, we know that east of Wat Khrutharam there was a production area of large earthen pots, jars and
    massive storage vessels (see Khlong Sra Bua Kilns). We could as thus conclude that Ban Mo stretched over both banks of
    Khlong Sra Bua.

  • Tile Village (บ้านกระเบื้อง) - makes and sells “husband and wife” tiles, turtle scale tiles, hooked tiles and corrugated tiles.
    The exact position of the village is unknown. Mid Khlong Sra Bua till west of Wat Khrutharam was a production area for
    various kinds of earthen tiles, mainly flat and cylindrical tiles and other decorative parts, various kinds of antefix tiles, thick
    square floor tiles. In the latter area, remains of oblong updraft kilns were found [3].

  • Village of the Lime Pavilion (บ้านสาลาปูน) - set up furnaces to produce and sell red lime. As the name of the village
    indicates, it should have been located in the vicinity of Wat Sala Pun and Wat Phrom Niwat. Phraya Boran Rachathanin also
    mentions that there was a market in this area. [4]

  • Khao Luang Village (บ้านเขาหลวง) - the Chinese community set up a factory for boil liquor (liquor distillery) for sale. The
    exact position of the village is unknown.

Ref [1] mentions the existence of five villages but only mentions four. The document also gives no indication of the proximity of a
monastery which could be used as a reference point.

Wat Sala Pun was likely the religious center of Ban Sala Pun (Village of the Lime Pavilion); hence Thung Khwan could have been
stretched out towards Hua Laem.


[1] พรรณนาภูมิสถาน พระนครศรีอยุธยา เอกสารจากหอหลวง (ฉบับความสมบูรฌ์) - Geographical description of
Ayutthaya: Documents from the palace - Dr Vinai Pongsripian - Bangkok (2007) - page 87.
[2] Markets and Production in the City of Ayutthaya before 1767: Translation and Analysis of Part of the Description of
Ayutthaya - Chris Baker (2012) - JSS - page 53.
[3] Development of ceramics production in Ayutthaya - Pakpadee Yukongdi (2009) - Silpakorn University - page 45.
[4] อธิบายแผนที่พระนครศรีอยุธยากับคำวินิจฉัยของพระยาโบราฌราชาธานินท์
ฉบับชำระครั้งที่๒และภูมิสถนกรุงศรีอยุธยา (2007) - Explanation of the map of the Capital of Ayutthaya with a ruling of Phraya
Boran Rachathanin - Revised 2nd edition and Geography of the Ayutthaya Kingdom - Ton Chabab print office -
Nonthaburi (2007) - page 96-97.
Text by Tricky Vandenberg - September 2012